Plant Image
Flower head

Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants

Plantago lanceolata - narrowleaf plantain

Synonyms: Plantago altissima
Other Common Names: English plantain, lanceleaf plantain, buckhorn plantain
Plant Form: Forb or Subshrub

Family: Plantaginaceae

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Desert Botanical Gardens Herbarium Collection, Usage rights: Attribution-Non-Commercial(CC BY-NC)
Max Licher @, Usage Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
Max Licher @, Usage Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
Forb Plant Description

Origin: Introduced   Life Cycle: Annual or perennial
General Desc: Plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves and one or more flowering stalks. Its root system is shallow and consists of coarse, fibrous roots.
Identification notes: Flower spikes cone-shaped, 3/8 to 1-1/4 inches long at maturity; leaves mostly more than 3/8 inch wide, often much more; flowers are all perfect (with both male and female reproductive organs).
Height: 6 to 24 inches


Habitat Description: This plant prefers disturbed areas and has not invaded natural areas to any significant extent. It needs full sun and dry soil.
Plant Communities: Disturbed Areas
Elevation: 3500 - 7000 feet

Flower Characteristics

Color: Brownish-white     Shape: Regular in elongated clusters     Tubular: N     Flowering Period: Apr - Aug
Description: A narrow spike of tiny, crowded flowers which face in all directions on a long leafless stalk. Each tiny flower has 4 petals.

Leaf and Stem Characteristics

Leaf Color: Green     Leaf Type: Simple     Leaf Shape: Narrow     Leaf Margin: Toothed     Leaf Attachment: Basal     Leaves Clasp: N
Hairs: Leaves and stems     Spines: N
Leaf Description: Leaves are football shaped and 3 to 10 inches long. They are parallel veined and have a narrow tip.

Fruit and Seed Characteristics

Fruit Color: Dark brown to black   
Fruit Type: Capsule
Seed Notes: Shiny seeds, 1 to 2 in each fruit.

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
(928) 445-6590
Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Dec 13, 2022
Content Questions/Comments: Email Matt Halldorson  
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