Max Licher @, Usage Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
Yavapai County Native & Naturalized Plants
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Max Licher @, Usage Rights: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
Plant Description

Origin: Native  Similar Species: E. viridis, E. nevadenis
General Description: Semi-evergreen. Medium size shrub which looks like a thicket of green, jointed, leafless branches.
Identification notes: Shrub with opposite awl shaped leaves and opposite, rigid evergreen stems; leaves drop early leaving a broom-like shrub; stems upright, thin, stiff, green aging to yellowish-green. Fruit red, fleshy.
Height: Less than 6 feet     Width: 2 to 5 feet


Habitat Description: Dry rocky slopes and canyon walls. Usually in sandy and/or rocky soils.
Plant Communities: Desert Scrub, Interior Chaparral, Semidesert Grasslands, Pinyon Juniper Woodland
Elevation: 3000 - 7000 feet

Flowers - Gymnosperm, not a flowering plant


Leaf Color: Brown   Type: Needles   Shape: Narrow   Margin: Other   Attachment: Opposite   Hairs: N
Description: Leaves are reduced to small brown scales and no longer functional; photosynthesis is accomplished in the stems. There are 2 or 3 scale-like leaves per node, that turn black and persist on the plant.


Color: Brown   Type: Cone or cone-like   Description: 1 to 3 seeds per cone. Seed shape is dependent on how many seeds are contained in the cone.


Bark Color: Green   Bark Texture (Mature): Smooth   Bark and Branch Description: Stems are very numerous and broom-like.
Spines, thorns or prickles: N

  Arizona Cooperative Extension
Yavapai County
840 Rodeo Dr #C
Prescott, AZ 86305
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Version 8.0  
Last Updated: Dec 13, 2022
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