Senegalia hereroensis

Botanical Name

Senegalia hereroensis (Engler) Kyalangalilwa & Boatwright

Common Name(s)

  • red-thorned acacia
  • mountain thorn
  • morufuri (Tswana)

Legume Clades

Native Geographic Range

  • Southern Africa

IUCN Status

Growth Form

small tree

Cultivation Status in AZ

Uniquely cultivated by DELEP


Tardily drought-deciduous plants to 16 ft (5 m) or more high. The bark is grayish brown and becomes fissured with age. The stems are armed with single or paired, hooked prickles. Leaves are bipinnate with 10--14 pairs of pinnae. Each pinna has 16--48 pairs of small leaflets. Cream colored flowers are produced in spike-like inflorescences in late spring and summer.


Native to parts of Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe where it occurs in scattered colonies on slopes, valleys, and along ephemeral watercourses in dry grasslands, woodlands, and acacia shrublands.


None reported.


Red thorn is not available from nurseries. It tends to form a dense mass of unpleasantly armed stems though can make an effective barrier. Established plants require little supplemental irrigation. This species has survived 16° F (-9° C) in cultivation. Litter is minimal.