Senegalia brevispica

Botanical Name

Senegalia brevispica (Harms) Seigler & Ebinger

Common Name(s)

  • prickly thorn

Legume Clades

Native Geographic Range

  • East Africa
  • Southern Africa

IUCN Status

Growth Form

small tree

Cultivation Status in AZ

Uniquely cultivated by DELEP


Drought-deciduous plants to 23 ft (7 m) high. The bark is smooth and pale grayish. Stems are armed with small prickles. Leaves are bipinnate with 6--18 pairs of pinnae, each with 20--40 pairs of leaflets. Cream colored flowers are produced in spherical inflorescences in he summer.


Widespread in eastern and central Africa where the plants occur in drier areas on slopes and valleys in grasslands, scrub, and savanna habitats. Seeds of DELEP's plant originated in Kenya.


None reported.


Prickly thorn is not grown by nurseries. This plant has proven hardy to 16° F (-9° C). Litter is minimal.