Mimosa dysocarpa

Botanical Name

Mimosa dysocarpa Bentham

Common Name(s)

  • velvet-pod mimosa

Legume Clades

Native Geographic Range

  • Southwestern North America

IUCN Status

Growth Form


Cultivation Status in AZ



Drought- and cold-deciduous shrubs with spreading stems to 5 ft (1.5 m) high. The bark is smooth with brown bark and twigs armed with prickles. Leaves are bipinnate with 5--11 pairs of pinnae and 6--14 pairs of leaflets per pinna. The flowers are dark pink and are produced in spike-like inflorescences along the upper ends of the stems in summer. The flowers fade to pale whitish pink.


Distributed from Arizona to western Texas and in areas of northwestern Mexico. The plants are found primarily in grasslands and oak woodland, thornscrub, and tropical dry forest in various habitats.


None reported.


Velvet-pod mimosa is occasionally cultivated for its showy flowers. It can be planted as an informal barrier. Due to the prickles and spreading habit, it should be carefully sited. The plants do well in rocky soil and can be planted on slopes or banks. Supplemental irrigation is necessary in desert regions. Growth rate is moderate. The stems are hardy to at least 10° F (-12° C). Litter is minimal.