Bauhinia macranthera

Botanical Name

Bauhinia macranthera Bentham ex Hemsley

Common Name(s)

  • Chihuahuan orchid tree

Legume Clades

Native Geographic Range

  • Southwestern North America

IUCN Status

Growth Form


Cultivation Status in AZ

Rarely cultivated


Evergreen or tardily deciduous, unarmed, trees to 20 ft (6 m) high. The bark is smooth and gray. Leaves have 2 lobes and are 2—2 ¾ in (5—7 cm) long. Pink flowers are produced in the late spring and summer.


Native to mountainous areas of northeastern and central Mexico.


None reported.


Chihuahuan orchid tree can be planted as a patio tree and lends a tropical effect to the landscape. Growth is rather slow. Growth rate and appearance can be enhanced with regular, deep irrigation. This species has survived 16° F (-9° C) in cultivation. The plants produce minimal litter.