Arizona Crop Information Site logo
University of Arizona
Vegetable IPM Updates Archive
Cooperative Extension
Weed Emergence when Using Preemergent Herbicides (Nov. 17, 2010)

Not all preemergent herbicides kill weeds before they emerge. None of them kill seeds. Some are absorbed only by roots, some only by shoots, and some by both roots and shoots, but in all cases the weed seed must first germinate. Those herbicides that are absorbed only by roots ordinarily kill weed seedlings before they emerge from the soil. These include trifluralin (Treflan), pendimethalin (Prowl) and benefin (Balan). Those that are absorbed only by shoots often kill weed seedlings soon after they emerge from the soil. These include DCPA (Dacthal) and EPTC (Eptam). Pronamide (Kerb) is absorbed by both roots and leaves and will kill some weed species very early after they have emerged. When used preemergent, some herbicides such as oxyfluorfen (Goal) and flumioxyzin (Chateau) are absorbed by seedling weeds only after they germinate and are emerging through the soil where they pick up the herbicide. All of these herbicides, however, are classified as preemergent herbicides.

To contact Barry Tickes go to:


For questions or comments on any of the topics please contact Marco Pena at the Yuma Agricultural Center.
College of Agriculture, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

Home | Cotton | Veggies | Forages | Grains | Citrus | Crop x Crop
Insects | Diseases| Weeds | Pesticides | Economics | News | Weather | Research | Photos | Contacts | General Info.

Copyright © 2001 University of Arizona,
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Webmaster: Al Fournier (